Skin Cancer: How to Prevent It

Skin Cancer How to Prevent It

Here are some tips for taking care of your skin and taking care of sun exposure.

he month of December marks the arrival of summer and, with it, special care with excessive exposure to sunlight. Excessive sun exposure, without protection, can cause cellular changes, leading to the development of skin cancer.

In some countries around the world, special intervention programs have been created in order to prevent skin cancer , which is the cancer with the highest incidence around the globe. Color that refers to the sun and the tone of tanned bodies.

The sun, although it is beneficial to health in moderate amounts, is considered the major risk factor for skin cancer. Therefore, the best way to prevent it is to avoid exposure to the sun for long periods.

Watch out for skin cancer warning signs:

  • Bright wound with visible presence of blood vessels.
  • Reddish, sensitive mark that bleeds easily.
  • Wound with a smooth and fleshy appearance and often with a depressed center.
  • High, shiny wound that looks like a wart.
  • Change in the size, shape or color of a mole or mole.
  • Bruised hard to the touch that can look like a scar, especially on the face.
  • Itchy, bleeding, healing wound and then repeats the cycle again and does not disappear in three weeks.
  • Persistent and rigid wound on the skin after being exposed to the sun.
  • Wounds that don’t heal or a thicker area on your lower lip, especially if you smoke or if your lips are often exposed to the sun.

Groups of risk

  • People who have already had skin cancer.
  • Those who have family members who have had skin cancer.
  • People with fair skin, blue or green eyes, blond or red hair.
  • People with low immunity or reduced immunity due to illness or medication.
  • Albinos or carriers of some diseases that predispose to skin cancer.
  • People who have already been exposed or are exposed to the sun excessively. Remember that exposure to the sun is cumulative and that people who were more exposed to the sun as young people are more likely to develop skin cancer than those who have not.
  • Those who are constantly exposed to X-rays, ultraviolet rays, arsenic, or other chemicals.
  • People who have a lot of spots.
  • People who have been scarred for a long time and have frequent ulcerations.

Skin cancer prevention:

The best way to prevent all types of skin cancer is to protect yourself from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. We have separated some tips for you to protect yourself and your family this summer.

  • Avoid the hours from 10 am to 4 pm (pay attention that, in summer time, the period to be avoided is 11 am to 5 pm). Therefore, the beach is only outside of risky hours.
  • Wear protective clothing when you’re out. Hats that cover the face are essential accessories. Wear a sleeveless T-shirt and pants (as strange as it may seem!) When the sun is very strong and you know beforehand that you will have to expose yourself to excess.
  • Use sunscreen every day with a minimum of 15 SPF. Read the label, the filter has to protect against two types of radiation, UVA and UVB.
  • If you are traveling high up, use a sunscreen with a higher SPF.
  • Do not tan. It is already proven that they offer health risks. 
  • Check your skin every month. In case you notice any strange marks, stains, wounds that do not heal or the appearance of spots, see a doctor. 
  • Pay particular attention to the areas that are most exposed: arms, hands, face and back. Pay attention also to the moles and warts that are in areas of constant contact (in the palm of the hand, for example).
  • If possible, have a doctor check your skin at least once a year. Even though the sun is the biggest risk factor, skin cancer, especially melanoma, can appear in parts of your body that are never exposed.

Diagnosis

Prevention is still the best medicine. But if you notice a different sign on your skin, a doctor needs to examine the affected area. If he finds an abnormality in the suspected area, he will probably take a tissue sample (biopsy) out of it to proceed with the proper treatment.

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